Matilda Poe - Chickasaw Freedwoman
I was born in Indian Territory on de plantation of Isaac Love. He was old
Master, and Henry Love was young Master. Isaac Love was a full blood Chickasaw
Indian but his wife was a white woman
Old Master was good to his slaves. The young Negroes never done no heavy work
till dey was fully grown. Dey would carry water to de men in the field and do
other light jobs 'round de place.
De Big House set way back from de road 'bout a quarter of a mile. It was a two
story log house, and the rooms was awful big and they was purty furniture in it.
The furniture in de parlor was red plush and I loved to slip in and rub my hand
over it, it was so soft like. The house was made of square logs and de cracks
was filled out even with the edges of de logs. It was white washed and my but it
was purty. They was a long gallery clean across de front of de house and big
posts to support de roof. Back a ways from de house was de kitchen and nearby
was de smoke house. Old Master kept it well filled with meat, lard and molasses
all de time. He seen to it that we always had plenty to eat. The old women done
all de cooking in big iron pots that hung over the fire. De slaves was all
The slave quarters was 'bout two hundred yards back of de Big House. Our
furniture was made of oak 'cepting de chairs and dey was made out of hackberry.
I still have a chair dat belonged to my mammy.
The boys didn't wear no britches in de summer time. Dey just wore long shirts.
De girls wore homespun dresses, either blue or gray.
Old Master never hired no overseer for his slaves, but he looked after 'em
hisself. He punished dem hisself too. He had to go away one time and he hired a
white man to oversee while he was gone. The only orders he left was to keep dem
busy. Granny Lucy was awful old but he made her go to the field. She couldn't
hold out to work so he ups and whips her. He beat her scandalous. He cut her
back so bad she couldn't wear her dress. Old Master come home and my, he was mad
when he see Granny Lucy. He told de man to leave an iffen he ever set foot on
his ground again he' shoot him, sure! Old Master had a big plantation and a
hundred or more slaves. Dey always got up at daylight and de men went out and
fed de horses. When de bell ran dey was ready to eat. After breakfast dey took
de teams and went out to plow. Dey come 'bout half past 'leven and at twelve de
bell rung again. Dey eat their dinner and back to plowing dey went. 'Bout five
o'clock dey come in again, and den they'd talk, sing and dance till bedtime.
Old Master never punished his negroes 'cepting dey was sassy or lazy. He never
sold his slaves neither. A owner once sold several babies to traders. Dey
stopped at our plantation to stay awhile. My mammy and de other women had to
take care of dem babies for two days, and teach dem to nuss a bottle or drink
from a glass. Dat was awful, dem little children crying for they mothers.
Sometimes dey sold de mothers away from they husbands and children.
Master wasn't a believer in church but he let us have church. My we'd have happy
times singing an' shouting. They'd have church when dey had a preacher, and
prayer meeting when dey didn't.
Slaves didn't leave de plantation much on 'count of de Patrollers. De patoller
was low white trash what jest wanted a excuse to shoot Negroes. I don't think I
ever saw one but I heard lots of 'em.
I don't believe in luck charms and things of the such. Iffen you is in trouble,
there ain't nothing gonna save you but de Good Lawd. I heard of folks keeping
all kind of things for good luck charms. When I was a child different people
gave me buttons to string and we called them our charm string and wore'em round
our necks. If we was mean dey would tell us "Old Raw Head and Boody
Bones" would git us. Grand mammy told us ghost stories after supper, but I
don't remember any of dem.
I never did know I was a slave, 'cause I couldn' tell I wasn't free. I always
had a good time, didn't have to work much, an allus had something to eat and
wear and that was better than it is with me now.
When de War was over, and ole Master told us we was free, Mammy she say,
"Well I'm heading for Texas." I went out and old Master ask me to
bring him a coal of fire to light his pipe. I went after it and mammy left
pretty soon. My pappy wouldn't leave old Master right then but old Master told
us we was free to go where we pleased, so me an pappy left and went to Texas
where my mammy was. We never saw old Master anymore. We stayed a while in Texas
and then come back to de Indian Territory.
Abe Lincoln was a good man, everybody liked him. See, I've got his picture. Jeff
Davis was a good man, too, he just made a mistake. I like Mr. Roosevelt, too.